Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) formally came into being on 10th of June 1999. The Leader of the Congress (I)Parliamentary Party,Sri Sharad Pawar, Former Speaker of Lok Sabha,Sri.PA Sangma, and Sri.Tariq Anwar, Working Committee Members of the Congress (I) and Congress(Socialist) Party under the leadership of veteran leader Sri.Sharath Chandra Sinha, former Chief Minister of Assam, joined hands to form the Party.
NCP has within this short span of time become a significant party in India.
The people gave such a massive mandate to the party in the parliamentary elections held in 1999, just three months after the formation of the party that the Election Commission of India, after assessing the performance of the party in the elections, which the party fought all alone, conferred the “National Party” status to the party which was the only instance in the history of India of any party obtaining the national status within such a short period after its formation.
Now, NCP has strong functioning units in almost all the states and union territories of the country. The party is in Government in three states, Maharashtra, Nagaland and Goa. Party has legislators in 11 more states: Kerala, Gujarat, Haryana, Bihar, Orissa, Jharkhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya and Assam.
NCP is part of the UPA Government in the Centre. Many of the achievements of the UPA Government are actually programmes brought to reality by the Departments headed by NCP Ministers.
Sri Sharad Pawar, Minister for Agriculture envisaged the National Food Security Mission in 2007, which in turn increased the National production of Rice, Wheat and Pulses to record levels in just one year and made India self-sufficient in Food Production. Now we are exporting food grains to other countries. When drought and floods forced farmers in different states to commit suicide, he allotted Rupees 65000 crores to write off the loans of the Farmers. 368 lakhs farmers benefited. Another 6000 crores was allotted to write off the loans of the Fishing community.
And particularly for Kerala, Rs.1843 crores was allotted as Kuttanad package following the study and report of Sri Swaminathan Commission and another 1190 crores as Idukki Package. The support price of Paddy was increased from Rs.550 to Rs.900 a quintal.
Under the Coconut rejuvenation programme, 474 crores was allotted to the three districts namely Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Thrissur.The ministry further has declared subsidy for Coconut oil in order to help the farmers for the first time in India.
Nationalised Banks and Co-operative Banks were instructed to give agricultural loans liberally to farmers at the low interest of 7% per annum and loans upto Rs. 50000 without security.
As Minister for Rural Development and Parliamentary affairs, Smt. Suryakantha Patel envisaged the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme which is being executed by the Grama Panchayaths all over India. It ensures at least 100 days employment every year to all the rural poor. 570 lakhs rural poor are being benefited. A Housing scheme for the Below poverty level (BPL) was launched providing Rs. 35000 for each house . And this programme is the main reason for bringing the UPA again to power. The present NCP nominee in the UPA Government, Miss Agatha Sangma is persuing the programme now.
The Civil Aviation Minister, Praful Patel, took the initiative to bring down the cost of Air Travel to an all time low and in the last five years the number of air passengers increased 100 times. Unprecedented growth have been recorded in this sector.
In Kerala, since Congress(S) was part of the LDF from 1980 and was instrumental in the formation of the Front , the new party NCP automatically became part of LDF and the Government.
On 12th of November 2006, Democratic Indira Congress (DIC-K) merged with NCP.
And consequently, the relationship of NCP with LDF came to an end.
Later both K Karunakaran and K Muraleedharan left the party for reasons of their own, but a majority of the party workers who joined the Party with them remained in the party including their only memmber in the Legislature and a number elected members of the Jilla, Block and Panchayaths and top party leaders.
NCP became a constituent of the ruling Left Democratic Front (LDF) in Kerala on July 7th , 2010
This website sponsored by Cherian George Thampu, BE, Kerala State Executive Member.